Starting An Essay With A Block Quote

) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is several lines long: Select the text and click the "Increase Indent" icon (see image, right). They can function as quotations in the form of a unit of texts, also termed block quotes. How to Start an Academic Essay. A typical quotation is part of a sentence within a paragraph in your paper; however, for longer quotations (more than 40 words), format the excerpt as a block quotation. On the other hand, an essay that has too few quotations can seem wordy or like the author doesn't want to give the spotlight to anyone else. Dialogue in Narrative Essays. Start by telling us who you are. The writing process begins with a topic and concludes with a polished essay. The secret, if you can't start, is to begin without constraints. When you write an argumentative essay that uses quotes as evidence, MLA format is as much a matter of including the quote fluidly as it as a matter of punctuation and indentation. Before you start writing your own essays, you should take a look at the best essays 2014 written on similar topics. That’s all well and good. It’s not something that one can completely control but it’s something that can be dealt with accordingly. HOW TO WRITE AN ESSAY ANSWER Read the Question. You can also depend on a pen and a paper instead of your system. Buy thesis statement is a thesis statement for ultimate help you how canada. explain what that. Starting your essay with a definition is a good example of one of these conventions. The course covers key lessons on planning and organising an essay (3000-5000 words) using counter-argument, writing an introduction and conclusion, writing a thesis statement, referencing using direct and indirect quotation, paraphrasing and summary writing, avoiding plagiarism, academic style and useful expressions in academic essay writing. APA requires that any quotation over 40 words be started on a new line, indented. " No punctuation: The quote is introduced by a complete sentence. One aspect that I never could understand was when (or where) to indent for a new paragraph in writing. This is why most essays are unpleasant for students to write, and boring for instructors to read. This provides a visual and verbal document for reaction, review, discussion, and/or further development in your rough draft. Register for the SAT. Have a look at some tips on how to overcome writer block from writers who managed to cope with this problem. Quotes allow you to mention an opinion of somebody authoritative, as well as use evidence acquired by other authors. If the block quote begins with a full sentence, keep the uppercase first letter. In a paper, if you have already told this information, then start the first sentence of the summary telling the author's last name and then conclude the summary with a parenthetical quotation using the author's last name and page, like. Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize Properly! Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are three different ways of incorporating another writer's work into your own writing. My understanding is that many people do that as a "hook" with which to begin their essays. Please use references to the story, to your life, your world, and your opinions when constructing. If you are tasked to write a college essay, you are not alone. The punctuation at the end of the block quotation goes before the citation. SOCIOLOGY: ASA Style Guide The American Sociological Association Style Guide is intended for authors who are preparing manuscripts for publication in ASA journals. The first page of your essay should begin with a 2. Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from “A Rose for Emily” at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay. If your quote is forty words or more, set it off in a block text by beginning a new line, indenting one inch, and do not add quotation marks. Starting essay with a quote - Essays & researches written by top quality writers. For example, an applicant might use a quotation as the very first line of his or her essay: “The best executive is the one who has sense. You should start with a “hook” or opening sentence that will grab the reader's attention and want them to continue reading. "Got an idea to start", "Thinking to start" and "Making a commitment to start" is one aspect of life. IvyEssays offers sample essays and writing help. For a company that’s so unpopular, it’s definitely a deal breaker. One of the biggest challenges we experience in relationships is that we are all different. Getting Started. Then, put your block quote. Comparative Writing. Your introduction should be striking. This is another example of a block quotation. You can begin your essay with a quotation that sets off the basic idea of the essay. Block quotations may be called extracts, set-off quotations, long quotations, or display quotations. Images must be cited. Use only one block quote per 4 pages of text to avoid overwhelming the reader. How to Start Planning for College in 10th Grade. This is the only case in which an opening quotation mark may not have a matching closing quotation mark. (This reinforces the point you've just made in the essay and gives the reader the idea that the essay is now finished). Use MLA, APA, or another manual, as required in the instructions to your paper. Every once in a while, I would write a really good essay, but mostly I skated by with B’s and A-minuses. Follow these steps when writing a cause and effect essay. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations. Here’s your basic template for a four-paragraph essay: That’s an intro (which you will write last), two paragraphs for the body of the paper, and a conclusion. In case if you want to cite more than one line of the poem, you have to indicate the line breaks. It's funny and makes for a good story that feels authentic to the theme, but to watch all of your work freeze and then burn to death could make some folks say "all control in this game is illusory". This feature is not available right now. It can be tempting (and very easy) to start your essay with something like, "According to Merriam-Webster. Instead of using quotation marks, you set the quote on a new line and indent it so that it forms a separate block of text. If yes, will the desired impact be appreciably weakened by "*"-ing out some of the letters? 3. These are simple college essay formatting guidelines that every student should follow in his academic age. Dialogue in Narrative Essays. ifade etme) Supporting Sentences Provide supporting details, essay block, examples, samples (Detaylar, ornekler, olaylar yazma) Conclusion (1 paragraph) -gt; Son paragraf. Saying it like it (exactly) is. Essay writing is an integral part of any English course, both in high school and college. The history of what we call racism which is the discrimination of other groups on the basis of their different descent begins in the Early Modern Period. For a company that’s so unpopular, it’s definitely a deal breaker. This is the untold story of how bad design caused. Only be sure to write an essay writing skills, such as a block commenters from e. Indent the block quote. Writing Tips and Techniques for Your College Essay. The same is true for statistics, quotes, and other types of information about your topic. It’s the most common question among students. Starting essay with a quote Arnie February 20, 2017. If you need a sample essay to complete a particular assignment, it is still important to look at your professor’s instructions first. To avoid this problem, when using direct quotations in a research report or documented essay, use signal phrases to identify the source and type of information (facts, opinions, observations, etc. At the same time, there is no need to start a new line in your essay to set off the quote. Community Service; Professional Development; Club Service; International Service. Now that you're aware of all elements this essay should include, it's easier for you to write the literary essay outline. There are many ways to take notes—from jotting down single words or phrases to photocopying entire articles. Other reminders:. Every once in a while, I would write a really good essay, but mostly I skated by with B’s and A-minuses. Powerpapers is a quote. An outline is an important part and it helps to organize and structure the main ideas. APA requires that any quotation over 40 words be started on a new line, indented. Start a block quote on a new line. The sea will cover the land and this will be the end of the world. If a quote runs on for more than 40 words: Start the direct quotation on a new line; Indent the text roughly half an inch from the left margin. It’s necessary to use a colon at the end of each phrase that leads to quotes. " Melinda's father, 187. In one of his footnotes, he quotes an excerpt from an article in the New York Times. Writing your essay at the last minute will cause you to panic. Starting an essay could be quite hard, especially for a beginner. If You Have a Long Essay, Use Centered Headings to Break Up the Body of the Essay. Rather than trying to solve the problem, this essay looks at all the different perspectives on the issues and seeks to explain the different viewpoints clearly. Our company hires professional essay writers to help students around the world. Write an essay plan A good essay plan helps you arrange your ideas logically and stay on track during the writing process. I searched this online, and I found only a single site with information regarding how to mention a course name in an essay. Single space or double space within the block. For example, a comparative essay using the block method on the French and Russian revolutions would address the French Revolution in the first half of the essay and the Russian Revolution in the second half. The first page of your essay should begin with a 2. You may want to start with writing a quote or some lyrics of a song, which you consider is your mantra in life. do not indent the first line. But the introduction alone is not enough. This distinguishes it from an epigraph, which is ornamental in nature. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. Any quotation must clearly relate to your topic, including a quote used as an introductory hook. It cites the author and the title (usually in the first sentence); it contains the essay's thesis and supporting ideas; it may use direct quotation of forceful or concise statements of the author's ideas; it will NOT usually cite the author's examples or supporting details unless they are central to the main idea. Nov 7, 2018- Some funny, some serious. The quote could be as easily applied to the tree as it could be to Melinda. , these general formatting tips will get you started: Short Quotes: A short quote is typically anything less than four typed lines. The sea will cover the land and this will be the end of the world. Quotes are great to start your essay with. The sea will cover the land and this will be the end of the world. ‘Writing Essays’, Learning Development, Plymouth University (2011) Why write an essay? The purpose of writing an academic essay is to provide written evidence of your ability to research a topic, weigh arguments, organise your thoughts, express these thoughts in a logical, coherent and critical manner, and reach conclusions which follow. Keep it formal. Such clarifying paragraphs if place directly along the line of the text constitute breaks. Inside paragraphs. Environment essay words essay essay of prophet isaiah. On occasion, quotes in scholarly works are quite long, and since double spacing is usually required, these quotes take up too much space on the printed page. The quote could be as easily applied to the tree as it could be to Melinda. #wordsmatter. Do not place quotation marks around the block of quoted text. For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Continue double spacing for the quotation. The War of 1812 has been referred to as a victorious “Second War for Independence,” and used to define Canadian identity, but the. If you are not sure how to list things in an essay, consider the following sample: Many great books were written by representatives of many countries and different times: Don Quixote, by Miguel de Cervantes ; In Search of Lost Time, by Marcel Proust. Linking words in the information. Here's how: Hit enter before the first word of the quote, and after the last word of the quote. A little-known fact. Generally, as described in section 13. The parenthetical in-text citation for a block quote is placed outside the final punctuation of the quoted passage. Powerpapers is a quote. 30 Quotation marks across paragraphs; 13. do not indent the first line. Indenting a Long Quotation in Word 2007 MLA, APA, or CMS Format When including a long quotation in a paper, indent it as a "block" quotation instead of using quotation marks. Quotes that are less than five lines remain as prose within the paragraph. Learn why the Common Core is important for your child. Write my paper apa. When inserting direct quotes. INTRODUCTION: the first paragraph in your essay. Start with an author tag which includes the first and last name of the author and the title of the article. A British Perspective on the War of 1812. Excessive use of quotations indicates a lack of originality and should be avoided. Omit quotation marks. Quotes allow you to mention an opinion of somebody authoritative, as well as use evidence acquired by other authors. Note that the period goes before the parenthetical reference. If you need it all, turn the quotation into a "block quotation," but use them sparingly! "Block" the quotation if it's more than 40 words long. Before you start to write an essay, you need to plan it (and probably do some research, unless you’re writing about a topic that you’ve already learned about extensively in lectures or in class). But it’s not always so easy to tell whether an assignment is asking you to include comparison/contrast. THESIS RESTATED. The Elegant Essay Writing Lessons might serve as the composition strand of your language arts instruction for a school year. Make essay writing a little less painful with the tips in this article. I need to use APA format and often have block quotations (don't require use of quotation marks). Every writer who tries to write an essay should understand and follow a standard essay format. All you need to start an essay is a clear thesis statement. The Purpose of Block Quotations. Don’t start with a dictionary definition. The thesis statement is the main idea of the essay, telling the reader in one sentence what the body of your essay will demonstrate or prove, and the rest of the essay supports the thesis with facts, evidence, and reasoning. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation five spaces from the new margin. Helps with a quick-read summary getting your essay question: do not very last sentence fresh, upwards trend, and to begin quotations. example, that says you must plan an essay before writing it. If a longer quotation is necessary and it consists of more than 4 lines, it should be separated from the body of the essay in a " block " quotation. Words have been a source of inspiration. Use an interesting quote. Long quotations, or those that are four lines or longer, need to be set off in a block quote, where you indent the entire quote from the paragraph above it. Academic Essay Sample: Social Network Impact on Youth. In general, block quotes are reserved for excerpted text, but a writer may choose to block-quote a long firsthand quote, especially if it was obtained in writing (e. Integrating the word however, here are other words, do i words to start off an essay use of the audience or transitional words and reread the question. To alleviate this problem, use block quotes. Quiz on Using Quotation Marks Directions: Click on " The sentence, please! " and a sentence or sentences will appear in the top text-area. Use a signal phrase (for example, “According to Smith. It should be double-spaced like the rest of the paper. Do free writing or brainstorming. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. Always bare in mind, not to do any grammar & spelling mistakes, these steps can help you to. do not indent the first line. At the end of the quote put the period after the last word of the sentence followed by the parentheses. Prepare a basic outline before you start writing so that you don’t develop writer’s block midway through the Essay, or forget to include any necessary information. Below you’ll find selected examples of essays that “worked,” as nominated by our admissions committee. After all, it would be difficult to imagine an English essay on literature that is not supported by any quotes from the original text. Turn this page over for the APA and Chicago (CMS) formats. Seven stages of writing assignments. Get a price quote & proceed. This is a system for documenting all the sources you’ve used in scholarly writing. Block the quotation by having it start on a new line and in the same position as a new paragraph. Please contact customer service for a custom quote. I'm not talking about tossing one or two overused, ancient proverbs or a boring dictionary definition in the intro paragraph. Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize Properly! Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are three different ways of incorporating another writer's work into your own writing. Our paper writers are able to block quotes in a research pap help you with all kinds of essays, including application essays, persuasive essays, and so on. All in all, while it may be a poor title generator, it is a great idea generator! replymore i am good at coming up with essay titles, but creative, intriging titles often escape me replymore always ready to help a friend smile. Government-run social programs funded with tax dollars are thought to be the “solution” to America’s social ills. What do you not start an essay with? (the hook) follow MLA, write as if explaining ideas to someone who has not read text, keep opinion out of mind, refer to people as who or whom, avoid contractions, refer to fiction in present tense, avoid 1st person, avoid vague pronouns and nouns, quotes need to be in context, stick to the prompt. Model Signal Phrases:. The entire block quotation should be indented one inch from the left margin. Start a new line. The block format itself takes the place of quotation marks. Sometimes, students just might have no inspiration to cover a specific topic. My writing abilites have always been hindered greatly because I don't have a very good understanding of English Grammar nor punctuation. Turn this page over for the APA and Chicago (CMS) formats. Here are five steps towards creating or identifying your personal writing process. Article Published on: 23 Mar 2018 If you want to support your point, a good quote can do it. How to Make a Block Quote. As a former high school English teacher, I’m convinced the anxiety of not knowing what to write is the reason why so many of my students wait until the last possible minute to write an essay. If the items in your list include commas, use semicolons instead of commas to separate them. It should motivate the audience to read the paper from A to Z. There are 4 main essay formats: Chicago, MLA, AMA, and APA. Start with a sentence or two that shows the reader why you are including the quote and how it fits into your argument. A good essay takes time to prepare and write, so start to think about it and do the groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in timed conditions, such as exams, it is important to take the time to organise and structure the essay before starting to write). In MLA format, put the citation information (Smith 123) after the period at the end of the quotation. Create every paragraph to illustrate one cause or effect chain and write it logically. Mind-mapping your essay on road safety. Good essays rarely emerge as “blear-eyed wisdom out of midnight oil,” to quote W. If the block quotation starts with a separate sentence, not grammatically related to the introductory sentence, then it does begin with a capital letter. SOCIOLOGY: ASA Style Guide The American Sociological Association Style Guide is intended for authors who are preparing manuscripts for publication in ASA journals. Single space or double space within the block. All quotations must be tied to text!. Starting an essay with a quote is wasted words, and it’s NEVER – yes that’s right NEVER – appropriate to the darned essay question. Working on something that you are excited about will be a little bit easier. Block Quote: In the old version of GoogleDocs there was an option to block quote paragraph, which would create a nice dotted box for the paragraph and make it like a section in a very big doc. It should be double-spaced like the rest of the paper. The War of 1812 has been referred to as a victorious “Second War for Independence,” and used to define Canadian identity, but the. Lengthy, wordy quotations should never be used simply to fill pages when the writer has little to say about the topic or issue. No attribution was given for the injunction: 5 Be true to your own act, and congratulate yourself if you have done something strange and extravagant,. The dictionary by Merriam-Webster is America's most trusted online dictionary for English word definitions, meanings, and pronunciation. Indenting a Long Quotation in Word 2007 MLA, APA, or CMS Format When including a long quotation in a paper, indent it as a "block" quotation instead of using quotation marks. Set a regular time for writing. To know History is to know life. Racism is one of the most important social issues of the modern world. The block format is a freestanding quote that does not include quotation marks. essay to an good closings But these services are for assistance purposes only. You never know. Your last name and page number should be at the top right of every page. They're called Smart because they automatically identify if they should be formatted as start or end quotes. Writing down information about what you know about the topic often is a great motivator. Please write an essay of at least 600-800 words (no more than two pages) that answers ONE of the following questions in detail. Dialogue in Narrative Essays. Citing someone else's moving lyrics by quoting them verbatim can assist in connecting with the audience reading the research paper or essay. Part 3: Choosing your topic. For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Quotation marks are additional characters, and less is better. How do I start an argumentative essay with the quote: "It is a grand mistake to think of being great without goodness, and I pronounce it as certain that there was never a truly great man that was not at the same time truly virtuous. If you’re searching for essay writing services, Easy-Essay is the absolute best by many factors: Affordable prices matter. Without knowing if you'll need to reference MLA, APA, Chicago, etc. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. When writing any kind of research paper and of any style for university, you should always adhere to certain requirements, recommendations or regulations. In the introductory paragraph of your essay, you can comment on the quotation if you like. Keep the start of your essay short and to the point. Starting your essay with a famous quote Let's pretend for a second that you really do live by one of Shakespeare's old adages, or that JFK's patriotic appeals to the people really did inspire you to change your life (color us impressed!). Some people like to start with their introduction, some prefer to start with their body paragraphs. In any case, do ensure that the relevance of the quotation is communicated well. Oedipus claims that Creon and Tiresias are engaged in a conspiracy against the crown when he charges, "Creon, the soul of trust, my loyal friend from the start steals against me Oedipus the King: Top Ten Quotes | Novelguide. Block quotations are usually used within paragraphs; it is not necessary to start a new paragraph after using a block quotation. and also check out some essay writing tips like this or this. Building healthy patterns early in your relationship can establish a solid foundation for the long run. How to quote in an essay? Quoting passages in books, essays, research papers and other articles depends on two things: (1) the appropriateness of the passage you want to quote and (2) the idea of your paragraph where you want to include the quotation. Block quotations should be used sparingly in longer essays and articles (multiple pages) and rarely in shorter works (1,500 words or less). ) You can format this way in your Word or Google doc, but make sure it translates after you either upload your Google doc, or copy and paste from the Word or Google doc. Dialogue Quotations. General Appearance: Essays should be double-spaced and include page numbers after the first page. No spaces between paragraphs. The Increasing Popularity of Yoga Essay 4089 Words | 17 Pages The Increasing Popularity of Yoga With an increasing trend in western culture toward the use of alternative therapies, yoga is emerging as a primary means for achievement of both physiological and psychological wellness. If you have more than the minimum required five sources, you must cite all of them in the body of your essay even if you don’t quote from them. The MLA says you should continue to double space the quote (but many agree that single spacing is sufficient for block quotes):. Choose a Quote That Fits Your Purpose. Indenting a Long Quotation in Word 2007 MLA, APA, or CMS Format When including a long quotation in a paper, indent it as a "block" quotation instead of using quotation marks. If your quote is forty words or more, set it off in a block text by beginning a new line, indenting one inch, and do not add quotation marks. Powerpapers is a quote. Start the quotation on a new line, indented one inch from the left margin, and maintain double-spacing. PDF format can be used on laptops, mobiles, and workstations. Skip even outlining the intro for now. Quotes allow you to mention an opinion of somebody authoritative, as well as use evidence acquired by other authors. How to Quote a Book in an Essay. The writing process begins with a topic and concludes with a polished essay. To start with a quote is not wrong, but you may do better, as onomatomaniak suggested, to "think of an engaging first sentence that makes the reader think you have something interesting to say. The block quotation is started on a new line, and it is indented five spaces or one-half inch from the left margin. Enroll in an online course and Specialization for free. The real question is one of style. “… the horror, the horror. Academic Essay Sample: Social Network Impact on Youth. ESSAY WRITING An essay is a piece of writing, which is written to a set of writing conventions. Every once in a while, I would write a really good essay, but mostly I skated by with B’s and A-minuses. In addition to that, quotes are also very useful for proving the subject or the thesis of your essay. As they continued to run from the plague, the people of Europe felt that they needed to blame someone for causing the outrage. Typically, you should use a block quotation when the quotation extends more than four typed lines How to Cite a Quote of More Than Four Lines | eHow How to Cite a Quote of More Than Four Lines. There are also at least two basic rules that you should follow when you are putting sentences directly from your source such as a book to your essay, for example. Inside paragraphs. Any quotations used need to be properly marked and cited. Italics easiest way to write an essay enter your newsreader. For example, if your essay is about the benefits of legalizing same-sex marriage, start your essay with it. Transition words to start off a body paragraph. Students examine second synthesis prompt on television and student samples ap english language and composition synthesis essay 1 pdf/84kb. Starting essays. Page numbering is reset to 1 after the introductory pages. The parenthetical in-text citation for a block quote is placed outside the final punctuation of the quoted passage. While the early months of a relationship can feel effortless and exciting, successful long-term relationships involve ongoing effort and compromise by both partners. You may want to cite lyrics, because a song writer says something in an eloquent way, or the excerpt solidifies a point you. ‘Writing Essays’, Learning Development, Plymouth University (2011) Why write an essay? The purpose of writing an academic essay is to provide written evidence of your ability to research a topic, weigh arguments, organise your thoughts, express these thoughts in a logical, coherent and critical manner, and reach conclusions which follow. Now that we know the three basic parts of a quotation, we can zoom in a little more. For quotations longer than four lines, use a block quote. We take a very serious view of plagiarism, and offer it the kind of severe treatment it richly deserves. Turnitin solutions promote academic integrity, streamline grading and feedback, deter plagiarism, and improve student outcomes. Writing an Essay About a Quote December 5, 2011 July 9, 2018 wordguild This post discusses a previous year’s Princeton Supplemental Essay prompts and in the process also addresses essays about or based on quotes, as well as addressing essays about ethical matters and personal beliefs. In this case, quotation marks are used. Begin with a bold statement. Keep your quotations 1-2 sentences long or use a few key words/phrases. As you begin reading, take notes of valuable information that will help you simplify the analysis process. Block quoting is most common in literary research, where detailed analysis of the original text requires you to quote at. A block quotation starts on a new line and is usually introduced with a colon (:). Ellipsis at the Beginning of a Quotation By Michael Kandel. Guidelines for Incorporating Quotes. ) Incorrect: She replied, "you wanted me to. the right, left, bottom and top should be uniform and at-least an inch. If the block quotation starts with a separate sentence, not grammatically related to the introductory sentence, then it does begin with a capital letter. The following questions are not a formula, but a starting point for your own thoughts. This has risen to be a serious problem in many countries over the recent years. Long quotes of 40 words or more are set as block quotes o each line is indented 5 spaces (0. APA requires that any quotation over 40 words be started on a new line, indented. There are no rewriting or paraphrasing practices; just 100% unique content with proper references. Any of these essay types can become a 500 words essay under only one condition – the word count should be kept at precisely 500 words mark. Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize Properly! Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are three different ways of incorporating another writer's work into your own writing. If you’re after an essay writing agency with highly responsive customer support, Essays. I never thought I would ever buy essays, but I ran out of time recently and decided to give EssayFactory. Then click anywhere in the quotation. With ‘She Remembers Everything’, Rosanne Cash “let some madness into my new songs”, refusing to hedge her bets on an album that speaks to the times. "I can plan and write Proof Paragraph 2 for my essay. You may also want to start with your motto or with a slogan that relates to your life. Avoid using block quotations excessively as this practice gives the reader the impression that you are inexperienced in the subject or are simply filling pages to meet a word count requirement. It will help you work out some ideas on the essay on road safety and overcome the psychological block that you do not have anything to say. The purpose of a thesis is to summarize the key arguements of your essay into one firm statement. Choose a quote that fits the tone and focus of the essay. Take notes. Check with your professor to see whether endnotes or footnotes should be used. Quotation marks are used for components, such as chapter titles in a book, individual episodes of a TV series, songs from a Broadway show or a music album, titles of articles or essays in print or online, and shorter works such as short stories and poems. Starting essay with a quote - Essays & researches written by top quality writers. As already mentioned, one well-known feature of Chicago style essay format is the use of footnotes and endnotes. Starting essay with a quote Starting an essay with a quote good or bad.